- Excessive alcohol consumption
- Smoking and Tobacco Use.
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
- A condition where cells lining the esophagus changes and becomes abnormal. (Barrett’s esophagus)
- Gender (men are at more risk)
- Age (mostly people over 50 years old)
- Family history
Difficulty in swallowing (dysphagia)
Pain or discomfort in the chest or throat
Regurgitation of food or liquid
Hoarseness or chronic cough
Nausea and fatigue
To reduce your risk of developing esophageal cancer, you can take several steps such as; Quitting smoking and tobacco products, limiting alcohol consumption, maintaining a healthy weight, eating a balanced diet, treat GERD and Barrett’s esophagus promptly and be aware of the signs and symptoms of esophageal cancer and seek medical attention if you experience them.
Esophageal cancer is typically diagnosed through a combination of medical history, physical examination, imaging tests, and biopsy. It can be life-threatening if not detected and treated early. Treatment options for esophageal cancer may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and targeted therapy.
Dr.Sachin Marda and his team at Yashoda Hospital plan treatment for esophageal cancer based on the individual case and may involve a combination of different approaches.